What Should I Know About Septic Systems?

How Septic Systems Work:

A septic system is an underground wastewater treatment system. These systems are very economical since they treat and dispose of household wastewater onsite. Septic systems consist of three different parts, a septic tank, a distribution box, and a leaching field. They are the center of a home’s plumbing and work to filter waste from the property. In the tank, solids separate from liquids and are decomposed by bacteria; which are later removed when the tank is professionally pumped. When the partially treated water leaves the tank, it flows into the distribution box. It is then evenly distributed into the leaching field. Drainage holes in the pipes allow the water to drain into gravel trenches, where it seeps into the soil and is further treated and purified.

Note: A properly functioning septic system does not pollute the groundwater.

Septic System Maintenance Tips:

  • Install water saving devices to all shower heads and toilets
  • Repair leaks right away. A leaky toilet can cause a septic system to fail.
  • Only run loads of laundry if they are full
  • Do not pour any obscure liquids into the septic tanks (paint thinners, grease, fat). They will destroy naturally occurring microbes in the system which are necessary for it to function properly
  • Don’t drive any vehicles or equipment over the drain field, it may crush the systems piping.
  • Don’t plant anything over the drain field other than grass
  • Don’t cover the drain field with concrete or pavement
  • Don’t flush any of the following:
    • Hair combings
    • Dental floss
    • Sanitary napkins
    • Gauze bandages
    • Paper Towels

Boston Drain has over 30 years of experience in the plumbing industry. Our septic system services include pumping, clean-outs, sewer & drain cleaning, repair, replacement, inspection, annual maintenance, and preventative maintenance. Contact us today to request a 24 hour emergency service in your area!

Posted in Frequently Asked Questions, Sewer & Drain Blog.